J. J. Grandville was a nineteenth-century French artist whose satirical illustrations of animal-headed people are thought to have inspired Tenniel’s illustrations for Carroll. Understandably, his work was later taken up by the Surrealists owing to their fantastical, metamorphic quality.

J. J. Grandville was a nineteenth-century French artist whose satirical illustrations of animal-headed people are thought to have inspired Tenniel’s illustrations for Carroll. Understandably, his work was later taken up by the Surrealists owing to their fantastical, metamorphic quality.